This evening, I was watching a documentary on Air Force One and I found the history behind this influential and important aircraft fascinating. Any plane that is used by the President of the US is designated Air Force One. If the Vice President is using the same plane, it becomes known as Air Force Two. The first plane used specifically for the President was called Guess Where II and was used by Franklin Roosevelt. However, the original plane was considered unsafe and President Roosevelt did not use it, though his wife and senior staff members did. A new plane, Sacred Cow, became the next model aircraft for the President. Included in this airplane was the latest technology and an elevator to allow Roosevelt to enter the plane. However, Roosevelt only used this plane once. President Truman commissioned a new plane, Independence, to be created in 1947, and the nose of the plane was painted to resemble a bald eagle. President Eisenhower added several other airplanes to the Presidential fleet during his time in office, including Columbine II, Columbine III, and a Presidential jet created in 1958. Under President Kennedy, a Boeing 707 became the Presidential aircraft. This aircraft would be used until 1998, and President Johnson was sworn in as President on the plane. Air Force One received its name after 1953, when Eastern Airlines flight 8610 crossed paths with the president’s plane, then called Air Force 8610. The Air Force One name was made official in 1962.